John Logie Baird's trip to Trinidad in 1919
A research note by Malcolm Baird

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For many years, my father's biographers (including me!) had assumed that his visit to the USA in 1931 was the only one he ever made. New research has shown that he also visited the USA briefly in December 1919.

The colourful story of JLB's jam factory in Trinidad in 1919-1920 has been told in his own memoirs and in later biographies. Before leaving Scotland he obtained a British passport dated 18 September 1919; see his picture and signature on right.

After nearly 100 years, with the help of the internet and various newspaper archives, I have been re-examining JLB's outwards trip and have come up with new information.

First, here is an extract taken from JLB's memoirs "Television and Me", p.33.

"I was full of optimism and I set out blithely for the West Indies, taking a cheap passage in a cargo boat so as to keep as much as possible of my capital intact. ... I arrived in Port of Spain after three very unpleasant weeks in a heaving cargo boat."

US immigration records (Ellis Island) state that JLB travelled from Glasgow to New York on a passenger ship, the Columbia (Anchor Line):

Name: John Logie Baird
Gender: Male
Birth: Circa 1988
Arrival: Dec 4 1919 New York, New York, United States
Departure: Glasgow
Ship: Columbia
Age: 31
Last permanent residence Helensburgh, Scotland
Nationality Great Britain
Marital Status: Single
Relative in country of origin: John Baird (Father)
Relative joined in the U.S.: Norman M'Callum (Friend)

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The Columbia had sailed from Glasgow on 22 November 1919. It had been built for passenger service in 1902. It had twin screws, a cruising speed of 16 knots and a capacity of about 1300 passengers in 3 classes. The voyage to New York took 12 days which probably included a stop at Moville on the extreme north west tip of Ireland, to pick up more passengers. It is not yet known which class JLB travelled in, or exactly what his ticket cost. The fare was probably in the region of 15 pounds (75 dollars) which he could readily have afforded from his savings. The "heaving cargo boat" description may have applied to the second leg of his journey, from New York to Port of Spain.

According to the US immigration record, J.L.Baird was met at New York by a Norman M'Callum (Mccallum?). This name does not appear in either JLB's memoirs or any of his biographies, or in the records of the University of Strathclyde or the University of Glasgow. It is also likely that JLB met his old Helensburgh friend Godfrey Harris who was working in New York at the time and who had started his interest in jam-making in Trinidad.

In early December there had been serious riots in Trinidad and Tobago, arising from trouble with the stevedores at Port of Spain. At the Governor's request a troop of marines was landed from a British ship to quell the unrest and there had been two fatalities. This was reported in The Times of 15 December 1919 but, surprisingly, not in JLB's memoirs. It seems that he was obsessed with the business at hand, namely jam-making. Four years later another obsession,


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